분자유전학실험실 (단국대학교 분자생물학과)



 이성욱 ( 2010-11-03 09:18:05 , Hit : 2637
 NC State Develops More Precise Genetic ‘Off Switches’


For Immediate Release
Tracey Peake | News Services | 919.515.6142

Release Date: October 28, 2010
Filed under Facebook, Releases

Researchers at North Carolina State University have found a way to “cage” genetic off switches in such a way that they can be activated when exposed to UV light. Their technology gives scientists a more precise way to control and study gene function in localized areas of developing organisms.

The off switches,  called morpholino oligonucleotides, are like short snippets of DNA that, when introduced into cells, bind to target RNA molecules, effectively turning off specific genes. Morpholinos have been used as genetic switches in many animal models, including the zebrafish embryo. However, morpholinos are distributed throughout dividing cells in a developing embryo, thereby turning off the specific gene everywhere. Moreover, they are active right after injection, silencing the targeted gene throughout development of the organism. Such uncontrolled genetic disruption makes studying tissue-specific and time-specific gene function difficult.

Dr. Alex Deiters, associate professor of chemistry, Dr. Jeffrey Yoder, associate professor of molecular biomedical sciences, and a team of NC State researchers developed a new methodology to turn off genes at a specific time and in a specific region of an organism. Deiters’ team devised a way to synthesize morpholinos that would only bind with RNA molecules after a brief exposure to UV light, effectively “caging” the morpholino and providing a method for precisely controlling the genetic off switch. Yoder’s team then tested the new photo-caged morpholinos in a zebrafish model and confirmed that they performed as expected: the caged morpholinos did not disrupt gene function unless the embryos were briefly exposed to UV light.

The researchers’ results appear  online in the Journal of the American Chemical Society.

The research was funded by grants from the National Institutes of Health. The Department of Molecular Biomedical Sciences is part of NC State’s College of Veterinary Medicine. The Department of Chemistry is part of NC State’s College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences. Deiters and Yoder are members of NC State’s Center for Comparative Medicine and Translational Research.

-peake-

Note to editors: An abstract of the paper follows.

“Photocaged Morpholino Oligomers for the Light-Regulation of Gene Function in Zebrafish and Xenopus Embryos”
Authors: Alexander Deiters, R. Aaron Garner, Hrvoje Lusic,  Jeane M. Govan, Mike Dush, Nanette M. Nascone-Yoder, and Jeffrey A. Yoder, NC State University
Published: online in the Journal of the American Chemical Society

Abstract: Morpholino oligonucleotides, or morpholinos, have emerged as powerful antisense reagents for evaluating gene function in both in vitro and in vivo contexts. However, the constitutive activity of these reagents limits their utility for applications that require spatiotemporal control, such as tissue-specific gene disruptions in embryos. Here we report a novel and efficient synthetic route for incorporating photocaged monomeric building blocks directly into morpholino oligomers and demonstrate the utility of these caged morpholinos in the light-activated control of gene function in both cell culture and living embryos. We demonstrate that a caged morpholino that targets enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) disrupts EGFP production only after exposure to UV light in both transfected cells and living zebrafish (Danio rerio) and Xenopus frog embryos. Finally, we show that a caged morpholino targeting chordin, a zebrafish gene that yields a distinct phenotype when functionally disrupted by conventional morpholinos, elicits a chordin phenotype in a UV-dependent manner. Our results suggest that photocaged morpholinos are readily synthesized and highly efficacious tools for light-activated spatiotemporal control of gene expression in multiple contexts.








807   First Clinical Trial of Gene Therapy for Muscular Dystrophy Lends Insight Into the Disease  이성욱 2010/10/11 2572
806   Hepatitis C virus infection linked to fat enzyme in liver cells  이성욱 2010/10/14 3216
805   Hepatitis C Virus Infection Linked to Fat Enzyme in Liver Cells  이성욱 2010/10/15 2981
804   Roche hepatitis C drug appears safe in combination  이성욱 2010/10/17 3003
803   헤르페스 감염 메커니즘 밝혀져  이성욱 2010/10/17 5893
802   Study points to possible gene therapy for depression  이성욱 2010/10/22 2504
801   More than a chicken, fewer than a grape - Exact tally of human genes remains elusive  이성욱 2010/10/25 2569
800   Strides Against Hepatitis C Open Door to Blockbusters  이성욱 2010/11/02 2574
799   Black patients fare well on Vertex hepatitis C drug  이성욱 2010/11/02 2718
798   Too Much SP2 Protein Turns Stem Cells Into “Evil Twin” Tumor-forming Cancer Cells  관리자 2010/11/02 3896
  NC State Develops More Precise Genetic ‘Off Switches’  이성욱 2010/11/03 2637
796   Breakthrough in cancer vaccine research  이성욱 2010/11/08 2690
795   DNA sequence may be lost in translation  이성욱 2010/11/10 2791
794   Lung Cancer in Smokers, Nonsmokers May Be a Different Disease  이성욱 2010/11/10 2582
793   Why brain tumors hard to treat  이성욱 2010/11/23 2926
792   Vertex submits application for hepatitis C drug  이성욱 2010/11/25 3435
791   Tumours grow their own blood vessels  이성욱 2010/11/25 2365
790   Top 5 papers of 2010  이성욱 2010/12/10 2332
789   Microbe gets toxic response  이성욱 2010/12/10 2473
788   Basel Declaration defends animal research  이성욱 2010/12/10 2375

[이전 10개] [1]..[21][22][23] 24 [25][26][27][28][29][30]..[64] [다음 10개]
 

Copyright 1999-2024 Zeroboard / skin by ROBIN